Re: Waste cardboard, paper, newspaper, as feedstock #feedstock

I am inclined to think that Wayne has hit on the key issues: (1) inks today do not pose a toxicity risk and (2) paper does not have a better future as something else.

Dr. D. Michael Shafer
Founder and Director, Warm Heart

+1 732-745-9295 | +66 (0)85 199-2958 | d.michael.shafer@... | Skype: live:d.michael.shafer53

61 M.8 T.Maepang A.Phrao 50190 Chiang Mai Thailand

On Fri, Dec 20, 2019 at 1:30 AM Tom Miles <tmiles@...> wrote:

Jeff did a lot of experiments with fireballs in the 2006-2008 time frame. You can see some of the pictures and notes on the pages:




From: <> On Behalf Of winter.julien
Sent: Thursday, December 19, 2019 9:44 AM
Subject: Re: [Biochar] Waste cardboard, paper, newspaper, as feedstock #feedstock


Hi All;


Paper balls have been used in TLUD stoves for a while now.  The first reference to them I know of is

Davis, Jeff.  2006.  Fireballs: agglomerations of biomass.  Glow (A publication of the Asia Regional Cookstove Program) Vol. 38: 6-8, August 2006.


There is a video of them being used in Bangladesh.


The flame doesn't have as much yellow and is somewhat blue to transparent.  That may be due to the high proportion of cellulose.


They are not being promoted in Bangladesh at the moment, because their safety of the biochar is unknown.








On Thu, Dec 19, 2019 at 5:56 AM Teel, Wayne <teelws@...> wrote:

Shaked From:


While I can’t answer your questions completely, I can at least give a partial answer.  Most inks are now soy based and are not toxic.  If there is metal in paper it is coming from the pulping process as an unintended side effect.  The biggest danger from paper comes from bleaching with chlorine.  When you burn chlorine bleached paper without an extremely hot, high oxygen fire, you can get dioxins, which are carcinogenic.  I don’t think newsprint is bleached this way, but the advertising inserts sometimes are.


Paper is primarily cellulose fibers which are separated from lignin in the pulping process.  This means the cellular structure of the original material (you can make paper from more than just wood) is gone.  I have not looked at charred paper under a scanning electron microscope, but I imagine that the resulting images would look quite different.  The activity of biochar is dependent on surface area, which includes internal surface area of the ground biochar.  I would also guess, again without proof, that most of the powdery paper biochars’ would have high surface area, but no internal surface, making them more like 1:1 clay (kaolinite) in activity rather than like 2:1 clays (montmorillinite or smectites) which have separable layers and a lot higher cation exchange capacity. 


In terms of CO2 making biochar from paper makes sense.  Paper does not recycle well, it only downcycles.  High quality depends on fiber length, which is why softwoods like pine make better paper than hardwoods like oak.  When you take use paper and remake paper you shorten the fiber length so you can only use it for lower grade material.  After a few cycles it does not work anymore and has to go in compost or the soil.  (Cradle to Cradle, by Bill McDonough and Michael Brungart, is excellent on this subject.)  Sadly we tend to landfill the material and in an anaerobic environment it eventually gives off methane.  So charring the newspaper is probably good for CO2, saving more carbon for the long term.  As for the quality of biochar it makes, I will let others, like Hugh McLaughlin or Steven Joseph answer that part.




From: <> On Behalf Of Shaked From
Sent: Thursday, December 19, 2019 3:59 AM
Subject: [Biochar] Waste cardboard, paper, newspaper, as feedstock #feedstock


Hi everyone,

For a few years now I’ve been using all the waste paper, news paper and cardboard that ends up in my house hold as feedstock for biochar, I use a 200 litre drum TLUD, leftover bones, fruit stones, egg shells, etc. go in the same drum at the same time.
i usually roll the cardboard and paper into ‘log’ shapes and stack in the drum with the rest mixed in..
for a while I had the postie dropping me all the leftover newspaper stacks, and those would go in as well.
i find using those materials as feedstock very practical as it all comes in similar enough thicknesses, it all comes dry, and it’s very easy to powder.

I have a few questions that I have not found peaceful with yet..

1. Toxicity in newspapers, I was told that only heavy metals could be an issue after going through such temperatures, and from my google style research it seems that it is very uncommon for newsprint to have any heavy metals involved any more..?

2. The quality of the char? I had not manage to find much research on the characteristics of char made of these materials, has anyone got access to such information? Has own experience?

3. In terms of CO2e, does it makes sense?
it seems that maybe these materials are being effectively recycled? Maybe for that reason this carbon is already in a ‘safe’ cycle? Maybe taking these out of the cycle means more trees are being chopped down unnecessarily? Or is it that at some point these materials end up rotting somewhere meaning the carbon is back in the atmosphere and so biochar is the safest? Etc...

I’m considering these both because of my small little thing, but also in terms of thinking of the local ‘rubbish and recycling’ facility and the amount of paper and such there...



Julien Winter
Cobourg, ON, CANADA

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