Thanks for that useful “Plain Language Summary,” The linked full article says that there is not much benefit of growing more trees (over generalized statement, but if this shoe fits, then wear it.) So AR (afforestation / reforestation)
is not doing much CDR because it lacks STORAGE, which is S. We need CDRS, emphasizing that storage is also accomplished.
The bright side of the AR as being only short term (or almost neutral) is that there is a developed and economical / sustainable way to accomplish the storage of 50% of that AR
removal. And that way is called Biochar. Biochar removes no CO2, but it stores CO2e for looooong periods.
I have a document (and a short video) about this, entitled “Understanding Carbon Dioxide Removal and Storage (CDRS)” www.woodgas.energy/resources And here are two graphics from
Please note that our standard naming of CDR technologies have different “interpretations / understandings” about the various words, often using the same words to define other words:
Capture to remove CO2 from the atmosphere
Storage to hold LONG TERM the removed CO2
Removal BOTH having captured and stored the CO2
AR Very weak on storage
CCS carbon capture and storage (but is specifically applied to BECCS, not to all CCS)
CCUS just add in the word “use” and that somehow makes it different
DAC ONLY the capture (deep geologic storage, etc is NOT included in that designation))
DACCS BOTH the capture and storage, although storage issues are major)
Biochar ALL about storage; totally dependent on AR and crop growth for the removal)
CDR Usually understood to mean both capture and storage, but CCS name is taken already.
CDRS Just adding the “S” to emphasize Storage that some CDR (AR and DAC) do not accomplish.
In other words, our terminology is sloppy. Its usage and dependent on “general understanding by the experts.” Which means that the general public could be easily confused.
PLEASE read the document. PLAEASE use it, or suggest changes and we can change it together.
[Note on a possible change: I believe that EW and CCO “carbon concretions in oceans – including biological” should be separated from the Engineered capture of DAC and CCE. ]
Doc / Dr TLUD / Paul S. Anderson, PhD --- Website:
Email: psanders@... Skype: paultlud
Phone: Office: 309-452-7072 Mobile & WhatsApp: 309-531-4434
Exec. Dir. of Juntos Energy Solutions NFP Go to:
Inventor of RoCC kilns and author of Biochar white paper : See
Author of “A Capitalist Carol” (free digital copies at
with pages 88 – 94 about solving the world crisis for clean cookstoves.
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From this month's GRL, accessible via open access
Plain Language Summary
In the past decades, elevating CO2 concentration and rising temperature have promoted the photosynthesis of European vegetation, thus increasing the greenness of
vegetation. However, whether these processes could promote the ability of terrestrial ecosystems to absorb CO2 still lacks systematic evaluation. By using a variety of advanced vegetation dynamic models, we found that enhanced vegetation growth
which absorbed more CO2, but also an enhancement of ecosystem respiration which released more CO2 in Europe during 2000–2018. The offsetting effect of these two processes has resulted in non-significant trend in the European net CO2
uptake. In addition, the extremely high temperature events (heatwaves) frequently occurred in Europe in recent years, which have caused vegetation damage or even death, triggered forest fires, etc., thereby severely inhibited the carbon sink capacity of the
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