Date   

Re: A response to "From Zero to Hero?:" #sdg

Kathleen Draper
 

Thanks Ron, I started pondering this topic back in May 2017 (blogged about it here) and have been iterating on the topic since then but haven't posted the slides before now...just didn't think about it until you started this thread.

It would be great to crowd source more example for the different SDGs and then maybe we could write up something for the Biochar Journal and IBI. I have my hands full at the moment so if we have any great writers out there that would like to volunteer to draft something, please get in touch with me. 


A response to "From Zero to Hero?:" #sdg

Ron Larson
 

Kathleen and list:

Thanks a great deal for this note below.  A big surprise (and help) to me, that I will also send on to the CDR list (where there has been a lot of discussion) immediately.

Many on this list already know this, but Kathleen is the chair of IBI.  Also co-author of the recent biochar book “Burn”.  We know each other primarily through membership on the USBI board.  I was also on a biochar trip to Austria that she led (and I recommend to anyone wanting a multi-day, in-depth introduction to biochar).

Her list of 12 SDGs is very close to that used in the Fuhrman-Clarens article. The extra ones that I gave scores to are:

#4.  Quality Education.    No score given in paper.    RWL proposed score: 1.5 , based on the complexity and novelty of analyzing biochar (covers so many topics - both in the social and physical sciences).

#5.  Gender Equality.  No score given.  RWL proposed score: 1.9, based on personal experience in world of third world charcoal-making cook stoves.  Also can be great gender equality benefit in agricultural field work.

      #10.  Reduced Inequalities      Not directly impacted by SCS or biochar (Smith et al., 2019), but global carbon market could provide means of financing sustainable agriculture in the developing world      (Author assessment)                  Score: 0.    RWL proposed score: 1.6, based on score of 1 given to Blue carbon.  This argument much like that for SDG 5 on gender equality.   Note the Smith statement relates to SCS - not biochar.  This the only zero given for biochar - which doesn’t fit with the biochar literature.

#16.   Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions      Not scored.    RWL proposed score: 1.7,  based in part on the likely control of biochar installations at the local level, if needed at all.  Most risk is to the land owner, who can easily do prior testing.

  #17:    Partnerships for the Goals.     Not scored.   RWL proposed score: 1.6, based on the wide range of environmental and societal problems (other than climate)  being addressed in the several thousand annual biochar papers.   This SDG is a catchall - where biochar fits, even if other NETs do not.


Kathleen didn’t give numerical scores like the above, but I guess (based on her two attachments) that we are not too far apart.  

Re Kathleen's pdf given below:  I am really impressed.  I now know of NO better short introduction to biochar.   These wonderfully provide concrete examples for the 12 SDGs on which she reports.  

I’ll try to add five more - but we don’t need all 17 to make the point that biochar is unique among the main 8 or so CDR options. (That comparison was clearly not Kathleen’s intent when putting her COP pdf together.)   Anyone able to help me with expansion to also include any of the SDGs 4, 5, 10, 16, and 17?

Her below bookmark is a little hard to read - but is essentially the same set of arguments and not critical to this thread.  A great way, however, to supply biochar information in a very short form.

In sum, I think Kathleen’s important (and new to me) SDG-work greatly supports the landmark work of Jay Fuhrman and Andres Clarens and their “Zero to Hero” paper.  I hope in later generations that paper will be seen to need biochar having its own separate column.  This given the importance that biochar enthusiasts like Kathleen place on the SDGs - which are the main feature of their most interesting paper.

See two more inserts below.

Ron


Begin forwarded message:

From: "Kathleen Draper" <kdraper2@...>
Subject: Re: [Biochar] A response to "From Zero to Hero?:"
Date: April 14, 2020 at 6:43:30 AM MDT

Hi Ron –
At the last 2 COPs IBI had some information available on how biochar can support many of the SDGs. I even had a bookmark outlining this topic designed as a giveaway at the IBI booth in 2018 (warning – font is tiny!). I’ve attached the presentation and the jpg file which I used for the bookmark. NOTE: this wasn’t vetted by the IBI Board or Science committee, it is just something I put together which I thought would be helpful at that event. It  probably needs some updating, especially on the building materials side of things, but it should serve to help educate. Feel free to share.
[RWL1:   I looked unsuccessfully for this on the IBI site - and so hope you can get the Board and/or Science Committee to endorse. 

 

Also in case folks hadn’t read Hans-Peter’s 2018 article on Pyrolysis with Carbon Capture and Storage, here is a link: https://www.biochar-journal.org/en/ct/94
[RWL2:   I agree - an important article.  Also need to note that Kathleen is also closely associated with Hans-Peter Schmidt and the Biochar Journal.

 

Cheers
Kathleen
PS. sorry if this comes through twice. having issues responding via outlook.


Re: Biochar, charcoal and wood ash #biochar #charcoal #ash

Environmental Industries <licusociety@...>
 

Dear Mike,

Thank you for the tip on Biochar processing from hard charcoal.

In Malawi, garlic is produced in mass by small and commercial farmers. Unfortunately, tumeric not a favored crop in Malawi. There is very little produced for subsistence purposes mostly. The harvest time for garlic is from May to August annually.

For consistent supply you need to book with the farmers before the rains. Rains start in October and end in March.

Thank you for your time.


On Tue, Apr 14, 2020, 6:33 PM mikethewormguy via groups.io <mikethewormguy=aol.com@groups.io wrote:
Goodfellow,

The first batch of char that I used many years ago was hardwood lump charcoal.  I bought 10 bags of lump charcoal a nd a friend and I hammer milled it in his garage.  We screened the milled char material and used the different fractions in my garden.  NOTE  I would not recommend hammer milling charcoal in a  closed space unless one desires to coat every bit of inside surface with char dust. The experience was memorable enough that we only did it once.

What is the state of garlic or turmeric production in Malawi ?   

Mike


Re: Biochar, charcoal and wood ash #biochar #charcoal #ash

mikethewormguy
 

Goodfellow,

The first batch of char that I used many years ago was hardwood lump charcoal.  I bought 10 bags of lump charcoal a nd a friend and I hammer milled it in his garage.  We screened the milled char material and used the different fractions in my garden.  NOTE  I would not recommend hammer milling charcoal in a  closed space unless one desires to coat every bit of inside surface with char dust. The experience was memorable enough that we only did it once.

What is the state of garlic or turmeric production in Malawi ?   

Mike


Re: Soil food web Dr Ingham #soilfoodweb

Gordon West
 

It’s my understanding from Ingham’s online materials and Dr. Johnson’s presentations (and personal communications), is that there is no need to overthink and over-control the process. Johnson says that a simple static pile compost reactor maintained with minimal attention will produce thousands, if not 10’s of thousands of microbial species. When added to soil in small quantities, the compost will inoculate the soil-food-web with all of those organisms. It is then up to the plants and microbes to work out their preferred symbiotic relationships and find the proper ecosystem balance.

Unlike the common approach to analyzing soils with a very limited understanding of what the complete soil ecosystem is made of, and deciding what three or four components are supposed to be inadequate, then adding those inputs as amendments, the soil-food-web strategy is to simply provide better conditions and active players for the soil community to develop and thrive. Maintenance of a healthy soil-food-web is basically following good permaculture practices so as not to kill the microbiology off.

Johnson-Su compost is not regarded as an input of nutrients, or even organic matter, it is an inoculant rich in varied microbial organisms. Johnson has had measurable success using as little as 2 kg/hectare. 

Gordon West
The Trollworks
503 N. “E” Street
Silver City, NM 88061
575-537-3689

“You never change things by fighting the existing reality. 
To change something, build a new model that makes the old model obsolete.”  
– R. Buckminster Fuller







On Apr 14, 2020, at 8:32 AM, Nando Breiter <nando@...> wrote:

Is anyone here aware of a resource that outlines Dr Elaine Ingham's soil food web approach at a reasonable price? She offers a foundation course on her website for $5000. I'm sure it is worth the price, but I'm looking for more of an overview of the principles. I'm particularly interested in learning more about how to practically adjust the bacterial / fungal community balance within soils, as this seems to be a key aspect of her method.

Thanks in advance ... n


On Sat, Apr 11, 2020 at 10:49 PM John Hofmeyr <john-h@...> wrote:

Hello, Eli and Anand. Thanks for your posts.
The video under discussion here is "The Roots of Your Profits" 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x2H60ritjag 

I reiterate that I am not a soil scientist, so take this whence it comes. Also, I acknowledge that this topic is not strictly aligned with biochar. I argue that, of the multiple benefits which biochar provides in the soil, two of the most important are:
(a) the provision of adsorbed / desorbable organic and inorganic nutrients (for microbiota and for plants.)
(b) the provision of a protective habitat for microbiota.

1) Eli asked: "Do you believe this?"
Yes, I do. Here is my understanding of what Dr Ingham is saying:
If the soil biology is OK, when the plant exudes proteins & carbohydrates from its roots, the bacteria will rapidly consume those. The nature of the exudates will be determined by the plant in order to feed those microbiota which will preferentially take the next step in the procedure, depending on what the plant requires from time to time during the growing season. The rapidly-growing number of microbiota (bacteria and fungi) then produce enzymes which will dissolve the required essential minerals / elements out of the clay / silt / sand etc - whatever is the nature of your soil.

ASIDE COMMENT:
I don't think that Dr Ingham emphasizes that point in this particular video, but consider the paragraphs under the heading "NUTRIENT CYCLING AND RETENTION" at 
https://www.ecofarmingdaily.com/build-soil/soil-life/soil-microbes/soil-food-web/ .
BACK TO MY COMMENTARY: 

So the microbiota take up these dissolved minerals, then they get eaten by the next trophic layer of the food web, and the minerals / nutrients are excreted in plant-available form by those organisms right where the nutrients required - at the roots of the plants. It is of no consequence that those nutrients are present or absent in the bulk soil, away from the roots whether in plant-available form or locked in the clay/silt/sand/.... 
See also my reference below to Ingham's assertion that conventional (chemical) soil analyses are meaningless.

2) Anand wrote:
(a) "... plants get about 12 minerals from the soil." 
In the video, Dr Ingham talks about the number of essential nutrients required by plants from when she was a kid until today. (Way more than 12.) Watch the video from 40'30" for about a minute and a half. I speculate that the number continues to increase. 
(b) "This is however true only of plants growing in nature. Those in the agricultural fields get the minerals through fertilizers."
Ingham argues that this is true only if the soil biology has been destroyed. If your plants show a good response to synthetics, they are warning you that the soil biology is deficient. If the soil biology is good, the plants will not show any response whatsoever to the addition of synthetic fertilizers, even though a conventional analysis of the bulk soil may indicate deficiencies.
She argues further that, for the reasons above, a conventional chemical analysis of the bulk soil is meaningless. With the correct soil biology, the plant will control the soil characteristics in the rhizosphere by signalling with its exudates. That applies to soil pH as well as nutrient requirements.   
In summary, "Those [plants] in the agricultural fields get the minerals through fertilizers" is what the fertilizer salesman wants you to believe.
Ingham also points out that plants managed perfectly well without synthetic fertilizer for millions of years until mankind began destroying the soil biology with 'novel' interventions, starting with the intensive application of (anaerobic) manure and ending up in what she calls the "synthetic fertilizer trap."  

Thanks for the debate.



--
Nando Breiter
http://biochar.info
CarbonZero Sagl
Astano, Switzerland


Re: Soil food web Dr Ingham #soilfoodweb

mikethewormguy
 

Nando,

You are what you eat...and If you build it they will come...   

Bacteria like to consume simple foods while fungi like to consume complex foods. 

If you want a balance of bacteria and fungi in your soil than feed the soil a balance of simple and complex foods. For example, take a look at the lasagna composting approach to soil health improvement........

my 2 cents...

Mike


Soil food web Dr Ingham #soilfoodweb

Nando Breiter
 

Is anyone here aware of a resource that outlines Dr Elaine Ingham's soil food web approach at a reasonable price? She offers a foundation course on her website for $5000. I'm sure it is worth the price, but I'm looking for more of an overview of the principles. I'm particularly interested in learning more about how to practically adjust the bacterial / fungal community balance within soils, as this seems to be a key aspect of her method.

Thanks in advance ... n


On Sat, Apr 11, 2020 at 10:49 PM John Hofmeyr <john-h@...> wrote:

Hello, Eli and Anand. Thanks for your posts.
The video under discussion here is "The Roots of Your Profits" 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x2H60ritjag 

I reiterate that I am not a soil scientist, so take this whence it comes. Also, I acknowledge that this topic is not strictly aligned with biochar. I argue that, of the multiple benefits which biochar provides in the soil, two of the most important are:
(a) the provision of adsorbed / desorbable organic and inorganic nutrients (for microbiota and for plants.)
(b) the provision of a protective habitat for microbiota.

1) Eli asked: "Do you believe this?"
Yes, I do. Here is my understanding of what Dr Ingham is saying:
If the soil biology is OK, when the plant exudes proteins & carbohydrates from its roots, the bacteria will rapidly consume those. The nature of the exudates will be determined by the plant in order to feed those microbiota which will preferentially take the next step in the procedure, depending on what the plant requires from time to time during the growing season. The rapidly-growing number of microbiota (bacteria and fungi) then produce enzymes which will dissolve the required essential minerals / elements out of the clay / silt / sand etc - whatever is the nature of your soil.

ASIDE COMMENT:
I don't think that Dr Ingham emphasizes that point in this particular video, but consider the paragraphs under the heading "NUTRIENT CYCLING AND RETENTION" at 
https://www.ecofarmingdaily.com/build-soil/soil-life/soil-microbes/soil-food-web/ .
BACK TO MY COMMENTARY: 

So the microbiota take up these dissolved minerals, then they get eaten by the next trophic layer of the food web, and the minerals / nutrients are excreted in plant-available form by those organisms right where the nutrients required - at the roots of the plants. It is of no consequence that those nutrients are present or absent in the bulk soil, away from the roots whether in plant-available form or locked in the clay/silt/sand/.... 
See also my reference below to Ingham's assertion that conventional (chemical) soil analyses are meaningless.

2) Anand wrote:
(a) "... plants get about 12 minerals from the soil." 
In the video, Dr Ingham talks about the number of essential nutrients required by plants from when she was a kid until today. (Way more than 12.) Watch the video from 40'30" for about a minute and a half. I speculate that the number continues to increase. 
(b) "This is however true only of plants growing in nature. Those in the agricultural fields get the minerals through fertilizers."
Ingham argues that this is true only if the soil biology has been destroyed. If your plants show a good response to synthetics, they are warning you that the soil biology is deficient. If the soil biology is good, the plants will not show any response whatsoever to the addition of synthetic fertilizers, even though a conventional analysis of the bulk soil may indicate deficiencies.
She argues further that, for the reasons above, a conventional chemical analysis of the bulk soil is meaningless. With the correct soil biology, the plant will control the soil characteristics in the rhizosphere by signalling with its exudates. That applies to soil pH as well as nutrient requirements.   
In summary, "Those [plants] in the agricultural fields get the minerals through fertilizers" is what the fertilizer salesman wants you to believe.
Ingham also points out that plants managed perfectly well without synthetic fertilizer for millions of years until mankind began destroying the soil biology with 'novel' interventions, starting with the intensive application of (anaerobic) manure and ending up in what she calls the "synthetic fertilizer trap."  

Thanks for the debate.


--
Nando Breiter
http://biochar.info
CarbonZero Sagl
Astano, Switzerland


Re: NEW!! RoCC Kiln Manual now online #technology

Tom Stephan <tom@...>
 

No I do not have a BC kiln, rocket stove or not. But I wish to build one. Rocket stoves are efficient. They burn wood products quickly with less smoke because of the venturi like drafting of oxygen. Unless there is something I don't yet understand in the process of pyrolysis of the manufacturing of Bio Char, at this point a simple metal trash can with holes drilled on the side near the bottom rim should work. The branches to be added vertically in the can and lit. When the desired time comes to extinguish the flames, put the lid on and plug the vent holes with wooden plugs. For larger applications a large sheet metal cylinder or old water tank with holes at the sides near the bottom should roar, as all rocket stoves do.

On Tue, Apr 14, 2020 at 6:03 AM Paul S Anderson <psanders@...> wrote:

To Tom Stephan,

 

Do you have such a device?   Does it work? 

 

That description does not fit what I have made.

 

Paul

 

Doc / Dr TLUD / Paul S. Anderson, PhD --- Website:   www.drtlud.com

         Email:  psanders@...       Skype:   paultlud

         Phone:  Office: 309-452-7072    Mobile & WhatsApp: 309-531-4434

Exec. Dir. of Juntos Energy Solutions NFP    Go to: www.JuntosNFP.org 

Inventor of RoCC kilns for biochar and energy:  See  www.woodgas.com

Author of “A Capitalist Carol” (free digital copies at www.capitalism21.org)

         with pages 88 – 94 about solving the world crisis for clean cookstoves.

 

From: main@Biochar.groups.io <main@Biochar.groups.io> On Behalf Of Tom Stephan via groups.io
Sent: Tuesday, April 14, 2020 5:50 AM
To: main@biochar.groups.io
Subject: Re: [Biochar] NEW!! RoCC Kiln Manual now online

 

[This message came from an external source. If suspicious, report to abuse@...]

How could one go wrong if they were to manufacture a large  columnar shaped BC kiln much like a giant rocket stove?

 

On Tue, Apr 14, 2020, 12:59 AM Paul S Anderson <psanders@...> wrote:

Dear Biochar Enthusiasts,

 

I have placed a 43-page “RoCC Kiln Manual” at my website     woodgas.com/resources .    It is meso-scale for making intermediate to large-ish quantities of biochar with appropriate size and ease of use (no need to make everything  into woodchips.).

 

Recommendation:

1.  Take a quick look at the photos throughout the Manual,

2.  Then read Part One:   Introduction

3.  After that, pick and choose what interests you.

 

I  look forward to hearing form many of you about putting this RoCC kiln technology to use.

 

Paul

 

Doc / Dr TLUD / Paul S. Anderson, PhD --- Website:   www.drtlud.com

         Email:  psanders@...       Skype:   paultlud

         Phone:  Office: 309-452-7072    Mobile & WhatsApp: 309-531-4434

Exec. Dir. of Juntos Energy Solutions NFP    Go to: www.JuntosNFP.org 

Inventor of RoCC kilns for biochar and energy:  See  www.woodgas.com

Author of “A Capitalist Carol” (free digital copies at www.capitalism21.org)

         with pages 88 – 94 about solving the world crisis for clean cookstoves.

 



--
Tom Stephan | Owner
Air Superiority
Web: http://www.barnowlboxes.com/
Tel: (760) 445-2023


Re: Need Help - Model for Urine/Biochar Fertilizer for #urine #fertilizer

mikethewormguy
 

Kathleen,

Thanks for the info.  I have just reached out to them to make contact.

Mike



Sent from my Verizon, Samsung Galaxy smartphone


Re: NEW!! RoCC Kiln Manual now online #technology

Paul S Anderson
 

To Tom Stephan,

 

Do you have such a device?   Does it work? 

 

That description does not fit what I have made.

 

Paul

 

Doc / Dr TLUD / Paul S. Anderson, PhD --- Website:   www.drtlud.com

         Email:  psanders@...       Skype:   paultlud

         Phone:  Office: 309-452-7072    Mobile & WhatsApp: 309-531-4434

Exec. Dir. of Juntos Energy Solutions NFP    Go to: www.JuntosNFP.org 

Inventor of RoCC kilns for biochar and energy:  See  www.woodgas.com

Author of “A Capitalist Carol” (free digital copies at www.capitalism21.org)

         with pages 88 – 94 about solving the world crisis for clean cookstoves.

 

From: main@Biochar.groups.io <main@Biochar.groups.io> On Behalf Of Tom Stephan via groups.io
Sent: Tuesday, April 14, 2020 5:50 AM
To: main@biochar.groups.io
Subject: Re: [Biochar] NEW!! RoCC Kiln Manual now online

 

[This message came from an external source. If suspicious, report to abuse@...]

How could one go wrong if they were to manufacture a large  columnar shaped BC kiln much like a giant rocket stove?

 

On Tue, Apr 14, 2020, 12:59 AM Paul S Anderson <psanders@...> wrote:

Dear Biochar Enthusiasts,

 

I have placed a 43-page “RoCC Kiln Manual” at my website     woodgas.com/resources .    It is meso-scale for making intermediate to large-ish quantities of biochar with appropriate size and ease of use (no need to make everything  into woodchips.).

 

Recommendation:

1.  Take a quick look at the photos throughout the Manual,

2.  Then read Part One:   Introduction

3.  After that, pick and choose what interests you.

 

I  look forward to hearing form many of you about putting this RoCC kiln technology to use.

 

Paul

 

Doc / Dr TLUD / Paul S. Anderson, PhD --- Website:   www.drtlud.com

         Email:  psanders@...       Skype:   paultlud

         Phone:  Office: 309-452-7072    Mobile & WhatsApp: 309-531-4434

Exec. Dir. of Juntos Energy Solutions NFP    Go to: www.JuntosNFP.org 

Inventor of RoCC kilns for biochar and energy:  See  www.woodgas.com

Author of “A Capitalist Carol” (free digital copies at www.capitalism21.org)

         with pages 88 – 94 about solving the world crisis for clean cookstoves.

 


Re: Need Help - Model for Urine/Biochar Fertilizer for #urine #fertilizer

Kathleen Draper
 

In case you are not aware of the Rich Earth Institute in Vermont, their whole focus is on using urine as a fertilizer. Someone from their organization attended the 2016 Biochar conference, but I don't know if they are doing anything with it currently. 


Re: A response to "From Zero to Hero?:" #sdg

Kathleen Draper
 

Hi Ron –

At the last 2 COPs IBI had some information available on how biochar can support many of the SDGs. I even had a bookmark outlining this topic designed as a giveaway at the IBI booth in 2018 (warning – font is tiny!). I’ve attached the presentation and the jpg file which I used for the bookmark. NOTE: this wasn’t vetted by the IBI Board or Science committee, it is just something I put together which I thought would be helpful at that event. It  probably needs some updating, especially on the building materials side of things, but it should serve to help educate. Feel free to share.

 

Also in case folks hadn’t read Hans-Peter’s 2018 article on Pyrolysis with Carbon Capture and Storage, here is a link: https://www.biochar-journal.org/en/ct/94

 

Cheers

Kathleen

PS. sorry if this comes through twice. having issues responding via outlook.


Biochar, charcoal and wood ash #biochar #charcoal #ash

Environmental Industries <licusociety@...>
 

Dear all,

Here in Malawi, we have charcoal and wood ash all over the country. Are they the same products you call Biochar? Or can they be converted to Biochar? And what makes them Biochar?

In Malawi, making charcoal is illegal. Can Biochar be made by burning agriculture wastes such as crop residues?

Sorry for so many questions. I am here to learn.


Re: Need Help - Model for Urine/Biochar Fertilizer for #urine #fertilizer

Tom Stephan <tom@...>
 

Chlorine?


On Tue, Apr 14, 2020, 3:23 AM John Hofmeyr <john-h@...> wrote:
On Sun, Apr 12, 2020 at 12:44 PM, abraham abyslo wrote:
@abraham wrote: "We add sometimes commercial copper based fungicides ..."
Question: Will that kill all fungi including beneficial mycorrhizae. See https://bit.ly/3b7wxO5


Re: NEW!! RoCC Kiln Manual now online #technology

Tom Stephan <tom@...>
 

How could one go wrong if they were to manufacture a large  columnar shaped BC kiln much like a giant rocket stove?


On Tue, Apr 14, 2020, 12:59 AM Paul S Anderson <psanders@...> wrote:

Dear Biochar Enthusiasts,

 

I have placed a 43-page “RoCC Kiln Manual” at my website     woodgas.com/resources .    It is meso-scale for making intermediate to large-ish quantities of biochar with appropriate size and ease of use (no need to make everything  into woodchips.).

 

Recommendation:

1.  Take a quick look at the photos throughout the Manual,

2.  Then read Part One:   Introduction

3.  After that, pick and choose what interests you.

 

I  look forward to hearing form many of you about putting this RoCC kiln technology to use.

 

Paul

 

Doc / Dr TLUD / Paul S. Anderson, PhD --- Website:   www.drtlud.com

         Email:  psanders@...       Skype:   paultlud

         Phone:  Office: 309-452-7072    Mobile & WhatsApp: 309-531-4434

Exec. Dir. of Juntos Energy Solutions NFP    Go to: www.JuntosNFP.org 

Inventor of RoCC kilns for biochar and energy:  See  www.woodgas.com

Author of “A Capitalist Carol” (free digital copies at www.capitalism21.org)

         with pages 88 – 94 about solving the world crisis for clean cookstoves.

 


Re: Need Help - Model for Urine/Biochar Fertilizer for Training Throughout Africa #urine #africa

John Hofmeyr
 

On Sun, Apr 12, 2020 at 12:06 PM, Environmental Industries wrote:
@Goodfellow wrote "On application, yes you apply Biochar at planting as basal dressing but I don't apply urine as well at that stage ..."
Here is a caveat: If fresh biochar is added to soil, the first thing it will do is to adsorb moisture and nutrients from the bulk soil onto the pore surfaces. In the absence of microbiota having colonised the biochar, the moisture and nutrients will be removed from access by the plants. I advocate always "charging" the biochar with moisture, nutrients and preferably also with microorganisms, before addition to soil. i.e. by co-composting or by addition to vermicomposting. I cannot think of a better way to charge biochar with moisture, nutrients and microbiota than passing it through an earthworm's gut.


Re: Need Help - Model for Urine/Biochar Fertilizer for #urine #fertilizer

John Hofmeyr
 

On Mon, Apr 13, 2020 at 09:19 AM, Thomas Casten wrote:
@Thomas wrote "... must reach the plant to obtain hexose in 7 to 9 days or die."
QUESTION: Is that true of live mycorrhizal fungi? I think the live fungi require moisture, oxygen and contact with plant roots. Hence a limited lifespan if anyone of those is absent. But I think the spores will last perdurably in the absence of those and will begin to grow fungal matter when the soil conditions are appropriate. Please correct me if that's wrong. 


Re: Need Help - Model for Urine/Biochar Fertilizer for #urine #fertilizer

John Hofmeyr
 

On Sun, Apr 12, 2020 at 12:44 PM, abraham abyslo wrote:
@abraham wrote: "We add sometimes commercial copper based fungicides ..."
Question: Will that kill all fungi including beneficial mycorrhizae. See https://bit.ly/3b7wxO5


A response to "From Zero to Hero?:" #sdg

Paul S Anderson
 

Dear all,

 

I have prepared a response to the Fuhrman et al. 2019 publication.   It is available at the website   www.woodgas.com/resources    It is entitled:

Recognition of Biochar & Energy (BC&E) as a Separate Negative Emission Technology (NET) for Improving Integrated Assessment Modeling (IAM)

 

Abstract

                The article by Fuhrman et al. (2019) reviews Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs) as they relate to negative emission technologies (NETs).   This reply addresses the three topics suggested for recommendations.  First, concerning the need for better modeling of NETs, there is an error in the classification of the major NETS, specifically the placement of biochar (BC) into the same category as soil carbon sequestration (SCS).  This error appears in numerous publications including U.S. National Academy of Sciences (2019), European Academies Science Advisory Council (2018), possibly earlier, and has been adopted by recent authors. Therefore, this reply to Fuhrman et al. about the modeling of NETs is also a response to several publications.  Second, concerning the changing economics of NETs, attention is drawn to the major distinction between biochar and energy (BC&E) and a much-modelled NET called bioenergy carbon capture and storage (BECCS).  Both result in the liberation of substantial biomass energy (BE in BECCS and  E in BC&E), but they are vastly different regarding carbon sequestration (CCS cf. BC).  Biochar is a direct co-product of pyrolysis that is almost entirely inert carbon (as long as it is not burned) that has been removed from atmospheric CO2 by plants.  And with proper attention, biochar can be a valuable amendment to soil and other materials where it becomes impossible to be burned.  In contrast, CCS is not currently economical at even pilot scales.  CCS is the attempt to take CO2 gas from chimneys to make supercritical CO2 that is to be transported for injection into deep geologic formations.  The discussion of NET economics should start with the current and future favorable realities of biochar before modeling future decades based on R&D speculations about CCS.  The third topic concerns tradeoffs between NETs and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).  How BC&E is already able to help with the seventeen SDGs is discussed.  After briefly pointing to the abundance of biomass in forests and croplands, several specific prospects for development of BC&E potential are introduced, along with a discussion of how the recent Drawdown Review 2020 data relate to BC&E potential.

 

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My document on “Recognition of BC&E….” will have different discussions by the two Discussion Groups for Biochar and CDR.   

 

Paul

 

Doc / Dr TLUD / Paul S. Anderson, PhD --- Website:   www.drtlud.com

         Email:  psanders@...       Skype:   paultlud

         Phone:  Office: 309-452-7072    Mobile & WhatsApp: 309-531-4434

Exec. Dir. of Juntos Energy Solutions NFP    Go to: www.JuntosNFP.org 

Inventor of RoCC kilns for biochar and energy:  See  www.woodgas.com

Author of “A Capitalist Carol” (free digital copies at www.capitalism21.org)

         with pages 88 – 94 about solving the world crisis for clean cookstoves.

 


NEW!! RoCC Kiln Manual now online #technology

Paul S Anderson
 

Dear Biochar Enthusiasts,

 

I have placed a 43-page “RoCC Kiln Manual” at my website     woodgas.com/resources .    It is meso-scale for making intermediate to large-ish quantities of biochar with appropriate size and ease of use (no need to make everything  into woodchips.).

 

Recommendation:

1.  Take a quick look at the photos throughout the Manual,

2.  Then read Part One:   Introduction

3.  After that, pick and choose what interests you.

 

I  look forward to hearing form many of you about putting this RoCC kiln technology to use.

 

Paul

 

Doc / Dr TLUD / Paul S. Anderson, PhD --- Website:   www.drtlud.com

         Email:  psanders@...       Skype:   paultlud

         Phone:  Office: 309-452-7072    Mobile & WhatsApp: 309-531-4434

Exec. Dir. of Juntos Energy Solutions NFP    Go to: www.JuntosNFP.org 

Inventor of RoCC kilns for biochar and energy:  See  www.woodgas.com

Author of “A Capitalist Carol” (free digital copies at www.capitalism21.org)

         with pages 88 – 94 about solving the world crisis for clean cookstoves.

 

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