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China, Iran, Korea, Denmark, Pakistan: A comprehensive review of engineered biochar: Production, characteristics, and environmental applications


Tom Miles
 

China, Iran, Korea, Denmark, Pakistan: A comprehensive review of engineered biochar: Production, characteristics, and environmental applications

 

Detailed physical and chemical properties of biochar have been discussed.

Engineering biochar production techniques improve biochar’s properties and efficiency.

Biomass composition and pyrolysis conditions mainly control biochar properties.

Active sites and functional groups could be enriched in engineered biochar.

Inappropriate biochar applications may lead to negative effects on the environment.

 

A sustainable management of environment and agriculture is crucial to protect soil, water, and air during intensified agriculture practices as well as huge industrial and transportation activities. A promising tool to address these challenges could be the application of biochar, a carbonaceous product of biomass pyrolysis. The efficiency of biochar could be improved through physical, chemical and microbial procedures. Engineered biochar could then be applied for various applications ranging from sustainable agriculture to pollution remediation and catalytic reactions. Biochar engineering allows achieving biochar properties which are optimum for specific applications and/or under specific conditions. This would lead to harnessing the favorable features of biochar and to enhance its efficiency while simultaneously minimizing the existing tradeoffs. This review covers the production and applications of engineered biochar by summarizing great deals of research and knowledge on the field. Unlike previous reviews, herein biochar physical and chemical properties and the factors affecting them (i.e., biomass nature and pyrolysis conditions) have been discussed in detail. Moreover, the contributions of each physical and chemical activation/modification method to improving biochar characteristics with respect to environmental applications have been specifically scrutinized. By providing the state-of-the-art knowledge about engineered biochar production, properties, and applications, this review aims to help research in this field for identification of the culprits that must be addressed in future experiments.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0959652620325099#!


Ron Larson
 

Tom and list;


RWL:   Thanks for the alert.  

 I am fortunate to be on a list where I can avoid the fee.  Here’s hoping a way can be found to make this paper available to everyone.   Paper not yet read

 This figure adds to the summary you give below;

.


Ron


On Aug 15, 2020, at 10:05 AM, Tom Miles <tmiles@...> wrote:

China, Iran, Korea, Denmark, Pakistan: A comprehensive review of engineered biochar: Production, characteristics, and environmental applications
 
Detailed physical and chemical properties of biochar have been discussed.
Engineering biochar production techniques improve biochar’s properties and efficiency.
Biomass composition and pyrolysis conditions mainly control biochar properties.
Active sites and functional groups could be enriched in engineered biochar.
Inappropriate biochar applications may lead to negative effects on the environment.
 
A sustainable management of environment and agriculture is crucial to protect soil, water, and air during intensified agriculture practices as well as huge industrial and transportation activities. A promising tool to address these challenges could be the application of biochar, a carbonaceous product of biomass pyrolysis. The efficiency of biochar could be improved through physical, chemical and microbial procedures. Engineered biochar could then be applied for various applications ranging from sustainable agriculture to pollution remediation and catalytic reactions. Biochar engineering allows achieving biochar properties which are optimum for specific applications and/or under specific conditions. This would lead to harnessing the favorable features of biochar and to enhance its efficiency while simultaneously minimizing the existing tradeoffs. This review covers the production and applications of engineered biochar by summarizing great deals of research and knowledge on the field. Unlike previous reviews, herein biochar physical and chemical properties and the factors affecting them (i.e., biomass nature and pyrolysis conditions) have been discussed in detail. Moreover, the contributions of each physical and chemical activation/modification method to improving biochar characteristics with respect to environmental applications have been specifically scrutinized. By providing the state-of-the-art knowledge about engineered biochar production, properties, and applications, this review aims to help research in this field for identification of the culprits that must be addressed in future experiments.